Web scraping has grown steadily since its inception. More tools are available than ever with many different features and capabilities. This versatility has led to various specialized tools for specific tasks and more efficient scraping processes.
There were only a few scrapers available initially, but today there are dozens of scrapers to choose from, each using a specific coding language.
Before exploring the top five programming languages for web scraping, let’s first see what scraping is.
What is web scraping?
Web scraping uses a tool (scraper) to extract various data from a specific website or multiple sources. It collects and converts this data into a different format that you can easily use.
Even though there is a manual web scraping process, modern tools are automated because they save time and money. This does not mean that web scraping is always simple, as many sites have different structures and designs.
This is another reason why there are so many different coding languages for scraping. It is also essential to note that web scraping is legal if you follow specific rules.
Advantages of web scraping
Here are the main benefits of web scraping and why many people and organizations regularly use it for their endeavors.
Internet has massive amounts of data, generating new information every day, including video, image and text sources. You can find it online with data scraping, whatever information you need.
The only important thing is to learn how to properly use a web scraper to get the information you want.
You can create your web scraper, but it takes a lot of time and effort. It may also require a significant financial investment.
Fortunately, many scraping service providers offer their solutions at a fraction of the price. In many cases, you can find those who offer the scraping services you need, and there’s no need to create a complex system.
At the same time, the more scraping services you use, the less it costs because companies don’t spend a lot of resources to provide their services.
No matter how much data you actually need to collect, it’s possible to do so with a web scraper. Unlike manual scraping, automation helps you collect as much data as needed.
Of course, collecting more data takes more time, but you can easily collect the right amount and the specific data sets you need.
Rapid data collection
Web scraping guarantees precision and speed.
After setting up a scraper correctly, it will give you all the data you need with minimal errors and at exceptional speeds. Repetitive and technical tasks can be exhausting for humans, but programs can do them efficiently.
Main scraping languages
Properly coding a web scraper to perform the desired scraping operations is crucial. However, each programming language has its pros and cons.
Python Website Recovery
Python Website Recovery tools are probably the most popular option. You can use this general-purpose coding language for various tasks, but it’s one of the best choices for developing scrapers.
Python makes it easy to design scrapers to target data, crawl, and scrape websites precisely without being detected. here is a article just released on how to build a web scraper using Python.
Ruby offers productivity and simplicity with an easy-to-use syntax that can come in handy for building web scrapers.
It combines functional and imperative programming, and it takes very little time for programmers to write anything in Ruby. It is a fully open source programming language with an extensive community.
C++ is one of the most popular coding languages today, and many use it for web scraping as well. Even though scrapers working on C++ can perform exceptionally well, developing them can be expensive.
That’s why large companies that need specialized solutions for their own needs usually use C++ scrapers.
Node.JS scrapers can work effectively with websites with a dynamic structure, but are not suitable for large-scale projects due to communication issues.
There is a large community offering support and they can handle concurrent web pages with ease. It is even better at handling constant input and output than Python.
At the end of the line
These are the main coding languages you can use for web scraping. Before you start working on developing your web scraper, take the time to learn about the actual process and get some hands-on experience. All of these languages have their unique features and best uses.
It takes time for you to figure out your needs and figure out what you want from your scraping process. However, Python is one of the more balanced choices offering simplicity and flexibility.